Regenerative medicine is the utilization of different treatments that can assist the bodies own healing mechanisms. This can be by using the patient’s own cells (platelet rich plasma; stem cells) or from material donated from another person.
Regenerative medicine is a new and promising field. Dr. Sussman has years of experience with PRP and regenerative injections, and strives to stay on top of the latest research and science. Dr. Sussman has been involved in publishing book chapters and peer-reviewed research on platelet rich plasma and stem cell procedures.
The body’s natural reaction to an injury is to send platelets from the blood to the damaged tissues to initiate healing. PRP is a less invasive method of injury management and a faster means of returning to activity. Platelets store growth factors help with healing, and when injected directly into injured tissue they stimulate and enhance the body’s own healing response. A blood sample is obtained from the patient, and a concentration of platelets and growth factors are separated and then injected into the injured area.
Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are a special type of cell that can differentiate into different types of cells depending on the signals they receive from surrounding tissues. MSC have been used in orthopedics for more than 2 decades, and injection of autologous stem cells for arthritis has shown improvements in pain and function. Studies have shown benefit with both bone marrow derived stem cells (BMAC) and adipose-derived MSCs, and either of these techniques can be done in the office.
Amniotic membrane products are harvested from healthy placentas following a delivery. Amniotic tissue is non-immunogenic, and has gone through a purification process. Amniotic membrane products have a similar theoretical process to PRP injections. When these purified growth factors are injected into an injured area they modulate inflammation, decrease scar tissue formation and enhance healing.