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Knee Osteoarthritis

What is Knee Arthritis?

  • The knee is a hinge joint connecting the thigh and lower leg. The joint is lined with articular cartilage and meniscal cartilage. Articular cartilage is the smooth, white tissue lining the ends of each bone, and can break down over time from injury or the natural aging process. This process is known as degenerative arthritis or osteoarthritis.

How do you know if you have Knee Arthritis?

  • Symptoms can include knee pain, inflammation and stiffness.

  • X-ray images may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.

What are the treatments for Knee Arthritis?

  • Nonsurgical options historically included rest, modified activities, weight loss, medication, and physical therapy. The definitive treatment for Knee Arthritis is a joint replacement (total knee replacement).

  • Viscosupplementation injections are commonly used for knee pain, and have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) since 1997. Learn more about viscosupplementation injections for knee pain here.

  • Many patients are not ready for a joint replacement and there are a number of strategies to help manage pain until you are ready or the disease is severe enough to warrant surgery. The goal of treatment is to control the pain. Medication, bracing, physical therapy, and cortisone injections can be prescribed. Boston Sports and Biologics offers less invasive alternatives to surgery including PRP injections and autologous stem cell injections. Learn about alternatives to surgery here.